Taran Taran was the only Tehsil in Punjab with a majority Sikh population in 1947, the year of the partition of India.
The main occupation in this area used to be agriculture.
Tarn Taran district was formed a few years ago, the declaration to this effect was made by Captain Amrinder Singh, Ex-Chief Minister of Punjab on during the celebrations marking the martyrdom day of Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji. With this, it became the 19th district of Punjab.
Places of Interest
The city has many Gurdwaras (Sikh houses of worship), which include Sri Darbar Sahib Tarn Taran Sahib, Gurdwara Guru Ka Khuh (Gurdwara of the Guru's Well), Gurdwara Bibi Bhani Da Khuh, Gurdwara Takkar Sāhib, Gurdwarā Lakeer Sāhib, Gurdwarā Jhūlnā Mahal, Thattī Khārā. The main religious hub at Sri Tarn Taran Sahib is Sri Darbar Sahib Tarn Taran, of Guru Arjan, the fifth Guru of the Sikhs who founded the city and named it Tarn Taran. The Gurdwara of Tarn Taran has the largest Sarovar (Holy Tank) of all Sikh Sarovars.
Gurdwara Bibi Bhani da Khuh is another historic and religious site in this city. It is a holy water well in the name of Bibi Bhani Ji the daughter of Guru Amar Das and the wife of Guru Ram Das (fourth guru of the Sikhs) and the mother of Guru Arjan Dev. This religio-historic well was dug by Guru Arjan Dev Ji in memory of his mother at the place where Mata Bibi Bhani Ji used to serve food, water, and medicine to needy and visiting pilgrims. A Gurdwara has been built at the Khuh and it has been preserved in its original form.
Gurdwara Guru Ka Khuh is also situated in Tarn Taran City. This well Belonged to Guru Arjan Dev Ji, a historic Gurdwara has been built at this place. Other Gurdwaras in the District of Tarn Taran are at Goindwal Sahib namely Gurdwara Baoli Sahib, at Khadoor Sahib, at Baba Buddha Sahib (Bir Sāhib) and those at Amritsar. With so many Gurwaras of historic importance this makes the Majha belt a historic Sikh centre of gathering and interest. The epi Centre of Kar Sewa (lit. hand service), Dera Kar Sewa Baba Jiwan Singh ji, runs at Goindwal Sahib Road, Tarn Taran. Goindwal Sahib is important center of Sikhism, as Guru Arjan Dev ji was born here. Goindwal Sahib, situated along the River Beas, is 23 kilometres from Tarn Taran.