Fatehgarh

Fatehgarh Sahib city is headquarters of Fatehgarh Sahib district, one of the twenty districts in the state of Punjab in North-West India

District of Fatehgarh Sahib came into existence on 13 April 1992, Baisakhi Day.It derives name 'Fatehgarh Sahib' from Sahibzada Fateh Singh, the youngest son of 10th Guru Gobind Singh, who was bricked alive by the orders of Suba Sirhind, Wazir Khan in 1705 along with his brother Sahibzada Zorawar singh and the place is now the site a famous 'Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib'.

 
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History

The city is an historically important town north of Patiala, especially for the Sikh faith. Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib, marks the site of the live entombment of the two younger sons of the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, Sri Guru Gobind Singh on 12 December 1705, by the Governor of Sirhind, Wazir Khan [1], the place is the today commemorated by Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib, 5 km (3 miles) north of the Sirhind. [2]

It is named Fatehgarh, meaning Town of Victory, because in 1710 Sikhs under the leadership of Banda Bahadur overran the area and razed the fort (built during Balban's rule) to the ground.

Gurudwara Jyoti Sarup Sahib is about 1 km from Fatehgarh Sahib on Sirhind- Chandigarh road. It was at this place that the mortal remains of Mata Gujri, the mother of Guru Gobind Singh and his two younger sons, Fateh Singh and Zorawar Singh were cremated. Wazir Khan, the then Faujdar of Sirhind refused to allow the cremation of the bodies unless the land for the cremation was purchased by laying gold coins on it. Todar Mal, who was an ardent devotee of Guru Gobind Singh, purchased this place of land by offering gold coins as demanded. And thus etched his name in the annals of Sikh history and earned the salutation of Deewan.

The town has four memorial gates surrounding it, each in the memory of four important persons from the Sikh history associated with Sirhind. These are: Deewan Todar Mal, Nawab Sher Muhammed Khan, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur and Baba Moti Ram Mehra. All belonged to different castes/religions, thus depicting the harmony and brotherhood among people of those times.

Sirhind is famous for renowned Mujaddad Alif Saani - Sheikh Ahmad Farooqi Sirhindi(Rh), great sufi saint a founder and repairer of Naqshbandi- Majaddaddi school of Sufiism and graceism. His and his sons Hz. Masoom Sahib's and various others mausoleum is there, 200 metres (650') from Gurdwara Fateh Garh.

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